Overview: Adjectives

1. Adjectives agree with nouns in gender (masculine, feminine) and number (singular, plural)

2. To pluralize

  • ends in vowel -> add S
  • ends in consonant -> add ES

3. Masculine singular ends in O, OR -> four forms

e.g. alto, alta, altos, altas
e.g. profesor, profesora, profesores, profesoras

4. Masculine singular ends in something else -> usually two forms

e.g. grande, grandes

5. Modified colors and colors that are things -> one form

e.g. el libro azul marino, la camisa azul marino
e.g. el libro café, las casas café

6. Some adjectives go before the noun.

e.g. Tengo muchos libros.

7. Some adjectives go before or after the noun and change meaning.

e.g. un gran hombre -> a great man
e.g. un hombre grande -> a big man

Overview: Adjectival Pronouns

Formation: article + adjective

Use: must agree in gender and number with noun

e.g. Tienes el libro nuevo. -> Tienes el nuevo.
e.g. Quiero una casa roja. -> Quiero una roja.

Tutorial: Adjectives

Practice Quiz: Adjectives


Modify the adjective as directed. These adjectives all form part of the Essential Adjectives 1 list

Tutorial: Adjectives, Before and After Nouns

Tutorial: Adjectival Pronouns

Practice Quiz: Adjectival Pronouns

Adjectival Pronouns

Convert the phrase into an adjectival pronoun.